Friday, January 31, 2020
John Peter Zenger Essay Born in Palatinate, Germany, John Peter Zenger (1697- 1746) was a New York printer and journalist. He arrived in New York City at the age of 7 and was trained for eight years by William Bradford, one of the more known writers of American printing. After he completed his training with William Bradford he moved to Chestertown, Maryland to live on his own. In 1722, he returned to New York due to the lack of success he had in Maryland and began his own business in 1726. In 1732 a new governor, William Cosby, desired nothing more but to increase his fortunes. Cosby removed the chief justice, Lewis Morris causing a group of powerful men whose economic goal was being forcefully postponed by Cosby to arise. The group gained popularity and support in New York City. The Gazette, a newspaper that was owned by ZengerÃ¢â¬â¢s advisor, William Bradford was controlled by the government. The Morris group, in need of a newspaper to fight its war against the government, chose John Peter Zenger as their printer. The first issue of the New-York Weekly Journal was poorly written but seemed to gain the interest due to its sharp criticism towards the government. On November 17, 1734, John Peter Zenger was arrested for printing rebellious and inaccurate material towards Cosby. Andrew Hamilton represented Zenger and made a dramatic presentation to the jury. After being imprisoned for 10 months Zenger was freed. The case was an introduction to freedom of the press. The case its self had little to almost no effect on freedom printers had on what they published. It did not limit the power of legislature to shut down printers. The Zenger case was brief introduction towards the movement of Ã¢â¬Å"freedomsÃ¢â¬ of Americans. Also, the case changed the old beliefs of English law, and revealed a new way America would think.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
The Book of Genesis Genesis tells us that; in the beginning, God created the heavens, separated light from dark, and gave earth life. God also created two trees in the Garden of Eden. One was the Ã¢â¬Å"tree of lifeÃ¢â¬ and the other was the Ã¢â¬Å"tree of the knowledge of good and evil.Ã¢â¬ Adam was given life for the first time, and as a special gift, God created Eve. Moreover, God gave mankind freewill, allowing them to do whatever they pleased, so although God had forbidden Adam and Eve to touch the tree of knowledge of good and evil, He knew that it was their own choice whether or not to obey Him. In the story of the First Sin we see this first sign of LUST. lust n. Intense or unrestrained sexual craving. An overwhelming desire or craving: a lust for power. Intense eagerness or enthusiasm: a lust for life. The crafty serpent convinced Eve into eating the forbidden fruit by telling her, Ã¢â¬Å"You will not die; for God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evilÃ¢â¬ (Genesis 3.4). Eve was curious to know what this Ã¢â¬Å"evilÃ¢â¬ was, and hence she lusted for knowledge to be powerful like the almighty God. Eve took her chances and put her faith in the serpent and not the Lord. After she ate the forbidden fruit, she offered it to her husband who was also curious as to what it would do to them. Now the Lord came down to confront Adam, and for the first time, Adam was afraid and hid. They were punished accordingly and now had to live knowing the darker half to life -- evil. wrath n. Forceful, often vindictive anger. Punishment or vengeance as a manifestation of anger. Divine retribution for sin... ... because he was JacobÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite son. envy n. A feeling of discontent and resentment aroused by and in conjunction with desire for the possessions or qualities of another. Anyone would have loved to take his place, but there was no separating Joseph from his father. The envious brothers got together and conspired to kill him, but instead ended up selling their youngest sibling to slavery. In the end, Joseph prospered while all the others ended up where they started; envying their brother. As you can see, the original examples of each of the Deadly Sins are present in Genesis. From the beginning, we read about Lust in the story of Adam and Eve and end up with a story about Envy in Joseph and his brothers. Today, modern day people have to deal with choices between good and evil just like the times of Adam and Eve.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
The surroundings in which children learn can greatly influence their academic performance and well-being in school. The architecture, layout, dÃ ©cor and facilities of their school all play a vital role in shaping the learning environment, yet the importance of this particular aspect of school life can often be overlooked. Does your school have difficulty creating surroundings and facilities which complement teaching and learning in the twenty-first century? Read on to find out about some of the current initiatives helping schools raise achievement through creating an inspirational education environment. A number of schools around the country are still languishing in the Victorian era, with crumbling walls and limited resources. It seems that many schools in the twenty-first century Ã¢â¬â particularly secondary schools Ã¢â¬â have to shoehorn modern-day learning and up-to-date resources into nineteenth-century surroundings. Only a tiny proportion of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s schools have been built since the mid 1970s, and with a few generations of children stampeding through their relatively modern facilities, many of these buildings are also edging towards the end of their natural life span. More schools could benefit from a lateral approach to environmental design with its users as the prime focusÃ Ã¢â¬â preferably in consultation with them.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
The Sonnet Genre Combining with Figurative Language Compare how the conventions of the sonnet genre combine with figurative language to create meaning in at least two texts. Originating in Italy, the sonnet was established by Petrarch in the 14th century as a major form of love poetry, and came to be adopted in England in the 16th century (Oxford Literary terms). Overtime there have been different types of sonnets written, for example the Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet, the English (Shakespearean) sonnet and the Spenserian sonnet. Each of these sonnets have there own conventions and use different types of poetic language to help create meaning for the reader. For the purpose of this essay we will look at how the conventions ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A typical rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet would be that of ABABCDCDEFEFGG. Spenserian sonnets combine both the Shakespearean and Italian forms. Just like the Shakespearean form it uses 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. However the rhyme scheme is like the Italian, linking all stanzas together ABABBCBCCDCDEE. An essential element of all three types of sonnets is that of the volta which is used to signify a change in subject matter, for example in the Italian form the volta normally occurs at the ninth line. The two sonnets I will be examining within this essay predominantly use the conventions of a Shakespearean sonnet. When exploring the conventions of Ã¢â¬ËSonnet 18Ã¢â¬â¢ we can see it has the typical conventions of a Shakespearean sonnet using three quatrains and a rhyming couplet. The first quatrain establishes the theme of comparing the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s beloved with a summerÃ¢â¬â¢s day, and why it is difficult to do so. The whole of Ã¢â¬Ësonnet 18Ã¢â¬â¢ is used as an extended metaphor, and this is seen from the very beginning: Shall I compare thee to a summers day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate (1-2) The sonnet begins with a metaphoric question, asking if the speaker should compare this person with summer. The speaker then answers by saying she is Ã¢â¬Ëmore lovely and more temperateÃ¢â¬â¢ this combines with the meaning created by the first quatrain immediately giving the reader an idea that the speaker feels his belovedShow MoreRelatedHumanities11870 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagespossible vehicles could be canvas or paper. Art is very similar to spoken/ written language. Like art, language is a vehicle for the transmission of ideas. Each genre of art has its own rules and traditions, just like language has grammar and vocabulary. A baby is born with a potential to learn language, but he is not able to communicate in a particular language until he learns to use it. So the language of art needs to be learned too. The definition of beautiful is a fluid conceptRead MoreStylistic Analysis10009 Words Ã |Ã 41 PagesWiddowson means Ã¢â¬Å"the study of literary discourse from a linguistic orientation, i.e. stylistics is an area of mediation between the two disciplines, the two subjects: language and literatureÃ¢â¬ [18, p.43]. In R. de BeaugrandeÃ¢â¬â¢s words, Ã¢â¬Å"stylistics applies linguistics to literatureÃ¢â¬ [2, p.18]. So, the object of stylistic analysis is language represented in literary texts. Stylistic analysis is a part of literary studies, of any adequate linguistic description. It is practiced as a means of understanding